One of America’s greatest playwrights, Thomas Lanier Williams was born in Columbus, Mississippi in 1911. Beginning with The Glass Menagerie (1945), he created a body of work that is passionate, lyrical, often violent, and always yearning, that sprang from his own loneliness and demons. His other best and best-known plays include A Streetcar Named Desire (Pulitzer Prize), Summer and Smoke, The Rose Tattoo (Tony Award), Camino Real, Cat on a Hot Tin Roof (Pulitzer Prize), The Night of the Iguana, Orpheus Descending, and Sweet Bird of Youth. Many of his plays were adapted for film, most memorably A Streetcar Named Desire (for which he wrote the screenplay), Cat on a Hot Tin Roof, The Rose Tattoo (for which he co-wrote the screenplay), Sweet Bird of Youth, and The Night of the Iguana. He also wrote many one-act plays, and his prodigious output numbers over 100 works. In addition, Williams wrote the screenplay for Baby Doll, based on his one-act play, 27 Wagons Full of Cotton, and co-authored the screenplay for Suddenly, Last Summer, based on his one-act play of the same name. He died in 1983.